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pledge

[plej] /plɛdʒ/
noun
1.
a solemn promise or agreement to do or refrain from doing something:
a pledge of aid; a pledge not to wage war.
2.
something delivered as security for the payment of a debt or fulfillment of a promise, and subject to forfeiture on failure to pay or fulfill the promise.
3.
the state of being given or held as security:
to put a thing in pledge.
4.
Law.
  1. the act of delivering goods, property, etc., to another for security.
  2. the resulting legal relationship.
5.
something given or regarded as a security.
6.
a person accepted for membership in a club, fraternity, or sorority, but not yet formally approved.
7.
an assurance of support or goodwill conveyed by drinking a person's health; a toast.
8.
Obsolete.
  1. a hostage.
  2. a person who becomes bail or surety for another.
verb (used with object), pledged, pledging.
9.
to bind by or as if by a pledge:
to pledge hearers to secrecy.
10.
to promise solemnly:
to pledge one's support.
11.
to give or deposit as a pledge; pawn.
12.
to stake, as one's honor.
13.
to secure by a pledge; give a pledge for.
14.
to accept as a pledge for club, fraternity, or sorority membership.
15.
to drink a health or toast to.
verb (used without object), pledged, pledging.
16.
to make or give a pledge:
to pledge for someone.
17.
to drink a pledge; toast someone's health, success, etc.
Idioms
18.
take the pledge, to make a solemn, formal vow to abstain from intoxicating drink.
Origin
early Medieval Latin
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English plege < Anglo-French < early Medieval Latin plevium, plebium, derivative of plebīre to pledge < Germanic; compare Old English plēon to risk, German pflegen to look after. See plight2
Related forms
pledgeable, adjective
pledger, noun
pledgeless, adjective
interpledge, verb (used with object), interpledged, interpledging.
prepledge, verb (used with object), prepledged, prepledging; noun
quasi-pledge, verb, quasi-pledged, quasi-pledging.
repledge, verb (used with object), repledged, repledging, noun
unpledged, adjective
Synonyms
2. warranty, surety, guaranty.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for pledges
  • pledges might be made to produce the witnesses on a fixed day.
British Dictionary definitions for pledges

pledge

/plɛdʒ/
noun
1.
a formal or solemn promise or agreement, esp to do or refrain from doing something
2.
  1. collateral for the payment of a debt or the performance of an obligation
  2. the condition of being collateral (esp in the phrase in pledge)
3.
a sign, token, or indication the gift is a pledge of their sincerity
4.
an assurance of support or goodwill, conveyed by drinking to a person, cause, etc; toast we drank a pledge to their success
5.
a person who binds himself, as by becoming bail or surety for another
6.
sign the pledge, take the pledge, to make a vow to abstain from alcoholic drink
verb
7.
to promise formally or solemnly he pledged allegiance
8.
(transitive) to bind or secure by or as if by a pledge they were pledged to secrecy
9.
to give, deposit, or offer (one's word, freedom, property, etc) as a guarantee, as for the repayment of a loan
10.
to drink a toast to (a person, cause, etc)
Derived Forms
pledgable, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from Old French plege, from Late Latin plebium gage, security, from plebīre to pledge, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German pflegan to look after, care for
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for pledges
pledge
mid-14c., "surety, bail," from O.Fr. plege (Fr. pleige) "hostage, security, bail," probably from Frank. *plegan "to guarantee," from a W.Gmc. root meaning "have responsibility for" (cf. O.Saxon plegan "vouch for," O.H.G. pflegan "to care for, be accustomed to," O.E. pleon "to risk, expose to danger"). Meaning "allegiance vow attested by drinking with another" is from 1630s. Sense of "solemn promise" first recorded 1814, though this meaning is from c.1400 in the verb. Weekley notes the "curious contradiction" in pledge "to toast with a drink" (1540s) and pledge "the vow to abstain from drinking" (1833). Noun meaning "student who has agreed to join a fraternity or sorority" dates from 1901.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for pledges

pledge

noun

A student who has agreed to join a certain college fraternity or sorority (1901+ Students)

verb

: Without a second thought MacCrimmon pledged Xi Phi


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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pledges in the Bible

See LOAN.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Difficulty index for pledge

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Word Value for pledges

11
14
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