pleiade

Pleiades

[plee-uh-deez, plahy-]
plural noun
1.
Classical Mythology. seven daughters of Atlas and half sisters of the Hyades, placed among the stars to save them from the pursuit of Orion. One of them (the Lost Pleiad, ) hides, either from grief or shame.
2.
Astronomy. a conspicuous group or cluster of stars in the constellation Taurus, commonly spoken of as seven, though only six are visible.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English Pliades < Latin Plīades < Greek Pleíades (singular Pleías); akin to pleîn to sail

Dictionary.com Unabridged

Pleiad

[plee-uhd, plahy-uhd]
noun
1.
any of the Pleiades.
2.
French Pléiade [pley-yad] . a group of seven French poets of the latter half of the 16th century.
3.
(usually lowercase) any group of eminent or brilliant persons or things, especially when seven in number.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
pleiad (ˈplaɪəd)
 
n
a brilliant or talented group, esp one with seven members
 
[C16: originally French Pléiade, name given by Pierre de Ronsard to himself and six other poets after a group of Alexandrian Greek poets who were called this after the Pleiades1]

Pleiad (ˈplaɪəd)
 
n
one of the Pleiades (stars or daughters of Atlas)

Pleiades1 (ˈplaɪəˌdiːz)
 
pl n
Greek myth the seven daughters of Atlas, placed as stars in the sky either to save them from the pursuit of Orion or, in another account, after they had killed themselves for grief over the death of their half-sisters the Hyades

Pleiades2 (ˈplaɪəˌdiːz)
 
pl n
Compare Hyades a young conspicuous open star cluster approximately 370 light years away in the constellation Taurus, containing several thousand stars only six or seven of which are visible to the naked eye

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Pleiades
1388, the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione, transformed by Zeus into seven stars, from L., from Gk. Pleiades, perhaps lit. "constellation of the doves" from a shortened form of peleiades, pl. of peleias "dove," from PIE base *pel- "dark-colored, gray." Or perhaps from plein "to sail," because the
season of navigation begins with their heliacal rising. Mentioned by Hesiod (pre-700 B.C.E.), only six now are visible to most people; on a clear night a good eye can see nine (in 1579, well before the invention of the telescope, astronomer Moestlin correctly drew 11 Pleiades stars); telescopes reveal at least 500.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
Pleiades   (plē'ə-dēz')  Pronunciation Key 
A loose collection of several hundred stars in the constellation Taurus, at least six of which are visible to the unaided eye.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Pleiades definition


Heb. kimah, "a cluster" (Job 9:9; 38:31; Amos 5:8, A.V., "seven stars;" R.V., "Pleiades"), a name given to the cluster of stars seen in the shoulder of the constellation Taurus.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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