Anatomy. of or pertaining to the pleura.
Entomology. of or pertaining to a pleuron.

1835–45; pleur(a), pleur(on) + -al1

interpleural, adjective
transpleural, adjective
transpleurally, adverb Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To pleural
World English Dictionary
pleura (ˈplʊərə)
n , pl pleurae
1.  the thin transparent serous membrane enveloping the lungs and lining the walls of the thoracic cavity
2.  the plural of pleuron
[C17: via Medieval Latin from Greek: side, rib]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Example sentences
The industry argues that this carries little risk of pleural mesothelioma, a
  cancer of the lungs' protective lining.
The goal of treatment is to get the patient stable, stop the bleeding, and
  remove the blood and air in the pleural space.
In tension pneumothorax, however, air enters the pleural space with each breath
  and gets trapped there.
The doctor may hear a sound called a heart friction rub or pleural friction rub.
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