pleurisy

[ploor-uh-see]
noun Pathology.
inflammation of the pleura, with or without a liquid effusion in the pleural cavity, characterized by a dry cough and pain in the affected side.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English pluresy < Old French pleurisie < Late Latin pleurīsis, alteration of Latin pleurītis < Greek pleurîtis. See pleura, -itis

pleuritic [ploo-rit-ik] , adjective
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World English Dictionary
pleurisy (ˈplʊərɪsɪ)
 
n
inflammation of the pleura, characterized by pain that is aggravated by deep breathing or coughing
 
[C14: from Old French pleurisie, from Late Latin pleurisis, from Greek pleuritis, from pleura side]
 
pleuritic
 
adj, —n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

pleurisy
late 14c., from O.Fr. pleurisie (13c.), from L.L. pleurisis "pleurisy" (c.400), alt. of L. pleuritis "pain in the side," from Gk. pleuritis, from pleura "side of the body, rib," of unknown origin. Spelling alt. in L.L. on model of L. stem plur- "more" (cf. M.L. pluritas "multitude"), as if in ref. to
"excess of humors."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

pleurisy pleu·ri·sy (plur'ĭ-sē)
n.
An inflammation of the pleura, usually occurring because of complications of a disease such as pneumonia, and accompanied by accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity, chills, fever, and painful breathing and coughing. Also called pleuritis.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
pleurisy   (plr'ĭ-sē)  Pronunciation Key 
An inflammation of the pleura, usually occurring because of complications of a respiratory disease or condition such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, pleural injury, or asbestos exposure. Pleurisy is usually accompanied by the accumulation of fluid between the pleurae, chills, fever, and painful breathing and coughing.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

pleurisy

inflammation of the pleura, the membranes that line the thoracic cavity and fold in to cover the lungs. Pleurisy may be characterized as dry or wet. In dry pleurisy, little or no abnormal fluid accumulates in the pleural cavity, and the inflamed surfaces of the pleura produce an abnormal sound called a pleural friction rub when they rub against one another during respiration. This rubbing may be felt by the affected person or heard through a stethoscope applied to the surface of the chest. In wet pleurisy, fluids produced by the inflamed tissues accumulate within the pleural cavity, sometimes in quantities sufficient to compress the underlying lung and cause shortness of breath. Because the pleura is well supplied with nerves, pleurisy can be very painful. Pleurisy is commonly caused by infection in the underlying lung and, rarely, by diffuse inflammatory conditions such as lupus erythematosus. Treatment of pleurisy includes pain relief, fluid evacuation, and treatment of the underlying disease.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
There was purulent pleurisy with a considerable pocket of pus, and purulent false membranes on the walls of the pleura.
When her sister comes down with pleurisy, she takes care of things.
Everybody had diabetes and pleurisy and arthritis and cataracts and cardiac pacemakers.
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