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plinth

[plinth] /plɪnθ/
noun, Architecture
1.
a slablike member beneath the base of a column or pier.
2.
a square base or a lower block, as of a pedestal.
3.
Also called plinth course. a projecting course of stones at the base of a wall; earth table.
4.
(in joinery) a flat member at the bottom of an architrave, dado, baseboard, or the like.
Origin
1555-1565
1555-65; earlier plinthus < Latin < Greek plínthos plinth, squared stone, brick, tile
Related forms
plinthless, adjective
plinthlike, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for plinth-course

plinth

/plɪnθ/
noun
1.
Also called socle. the rectangular slab or block that forms the lowest part of the base of a column, statue, pedestal, or pier
2.
Also called plinth course. the lowest part of the wall of a building that appears above ground level, esp one that is formed of a course of stone or brick
3.
a flat block on either side of a doorframe, where the architrave meets the skirting
4.
a flat base on which a structure or piece of equipment is placed
Word Origin
C17: from Latin plinthus, from Greek plinthos brick, shaped stone
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for plinth-course

plinth

n.

1610s, from French plinthe (16c.) and directly from Latin plinthus, from Greek plinthos "brick, squared stone," cognate with Old English flint (see flint).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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