pluses and minuses

plus

[pluhs]
preposition
1.
more by the addition of; increased by: ten plus two is twelve.
2.
with the addition of; with: He had wealth plus fame.
adjective
3.
involving or noting addition.
4.
positive: a plus quantity.
5.
more (by a certain amount).
6.
Electricity. pertaining to or characterized by positive electricity: the plus terminal.
7.
Mycology. (in heterothallic fungi) designating, in the absence of morphological differentiation, one of the two strains of mycelia that unite in the sexual process.
8.
having a certain quality to an unusual degree: He has personality plus.
noun, plural pluses, plusses.
9.
a plus quantity.
10.
Arithmetic, plus sign.
11.
something additional.
12.
a surplus or gain.
conjunction
13.
Informal. also; and; furthermore: A bicycle is cheaper than a car, plus it doesn't pollute the air.
adverb
14.
in addition; besides.
Idioms
15.
pluses and minuses, the good and bad points of something; the advantages and disadvantages; the pros and cons: She spent hours listing the pluses and minuses of each of the apartments she had looked at, trying to narrow down her choices.

Origin:
1570–80; < Latin plūs more; akin to Greek pleíōn, Old Norse fleiri more, Old English feolu, fela, German viel, Gothic filu, Old Irish il, Greek polý many


Since plus as a preposition has long had the meanings “more by the addition of” and “with the addition of,” it was but a short step to a newer use, mainly in informal writing and speech, as a conjunction meaning “also, and, furthermore.” Although this use is increasing, many object to it, and it is rare in more formal writing. And plus is likewise objected to, especially for being redundant: The paper was delivered two hours late, and plus it was soaking wet.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
plus (plʌs)
 
prep
1.  increased by the addition of: four plus two (written 4 + 2)
2.  with or with the addition of: a good job, plus a new car
 
adj
3.  (prenominal) Also: positive indicating or involving addition: a plus sign
4.  positive another word for positive
5.  on the positive part of a scale or coordinate axis: a value of +x
6.  indicating the positive side of an electrical circuit
7.  involving positive advantage or good: a plus factor
8.  informal (postpositive) having a value above that which is stated or expected: she had charm plus
9.  (postpositive) slightly above a specified standard on a particular grade or percentage: he received a B+ rating on his essay
10.  botany designating the strain of fungus that can only undergo sexual reproduction with a minus strain
 
n
11.  short for plus sign
12.  a positive quantity
13.  informal something positive or to the good
14.  a gain, surplus, or advantage
 
usage  Plus, together with, and along with do not create compound subjects in the way that and does: the number of the verb depends on that of the subject to which plus, together with, or along with is added: this task, plus all the others, was (not were) undertaken by the government; the doctor, together with the nurses, was (not were) waiting for the patient

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

plus
1579, the oral rendering of the arithmetical sign +, from L. plus "more" (comparative of multus "much"), altered by influence of minus from *pleos, from PIE *ple- "full" (see plenary). Placed after a whole number to indicate "and a little more," it is attested from 1902.
As a conj., "and," it is Amer.Eng. colloquial, attested from 1968. Plus fours (1921) were four inches longer in the leg than standard knickerbockers, to produce an overhang, originally a style assoc. with golfers. The plus-sign itself has been well-known since at least 1489 and is perhaps an abbreviation of L. et (see etc.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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