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polite

[puh-lahyt] /pəˈlaɪt/
adjective, politer, politest.
1.
showing good manners toward others, as in behavior, speech, etc.; courteous; civil:
a polite reply.
2.
refined or cultured:
polite society.
3.
of a refined or elegant kind:
polite learning.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Latin polītus, past participle of polīre to polish
Related forms
politely, adverb
politeness, noun
superpolite, adjective
superpolitely, adverb
superpoliteness, noun
Synonyms
1. well-bred, gracious. See civil. 2. urbane, polished, poised, courtly, cultivated.
Antonyms
1, 2. rude.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for politeness
  • Common courtesy and politeness are guides to the actions of jurors.
  • Old notions of politeness, friendliness and respect need to be reestablished.
  • It all comes with the job, but politeness and charm will go a long way to helping you cut through.
  • One is based on the standards of real-world, off-line politeness.
  • Both have soft, sandpapery voices and a stern politeness when they speak.
  • Frequently, the distinction between them is described as politeness vs formality.
  • These patterns are explained, with examples, and discussed in light of research on politeness behavior.
  • The courtesies are based on societal principles and imply politeness and considerate behavior.
British Dictionary definitions for politeness

polite

/pəˈlaɪt/
adjective
1.
showing regard for others, in manners, speech, behaviour, etc; courteous
2.
cultivated or refined: polite society
3.
elegant or polished: polite letters
Derived Forms
politely, adverb
politeness, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Latin polītus polished; see polish
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for politeness

polite

adj.

late 14c., "polished, burnished" (mid-13c. as a surname), from Latin politus "refined, elegant, accomplished," literally "polished," past participle of polire "to polish, to make smooth" (see polish (v.)). Used literally at first in English; sense of "elegant, cultured" is first recorded c.1500, that of "behaving courteously" is 1748 (implied in politely). Related: Politeness.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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