adjective, politer, politest.
showing good manners toward others, as in behavior, speech, etc.; courteous; civil: a polite reply.
refined or cultured: polite society.
of a refined or elegant kind: polite learning.

1400–50; late Middle English < Latin polītus, past participle of polīre to polish

politely, adverb
politeness, noun
superpolite, adjective
superpolitely, adverb
superpoliteness, noun

1. well-bred, gracious. See civil. 2. urbane, polished, poised, courtly, cultivated.

1, 2. rude.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
polite (pəˈlaɪt)
1.  showing regard for others, in manners, speech, behaviour, etc; courteous
2.  cultivated or refined: polite society
3.  elegant or polished: polite letters
[C15: from Latin polītus polished; see polish]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1263, from L. politus "refined, elegant," lit. "polished," pp. of polire "to polish, to make smooth." Used literally at first in Eng.; sense of "elegant, cultured" is first recorded 1501, that of "behaving courteously" is 1762.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Common courtesy and politeness are guides to the actions of jurors.
Old notions of politeness, friendliness and respect need to be reestablished.
It all comes with the job, but politeness and charm will go a long way to
  helping you cut through.
One is based on the standards of real-world, off-line politeness.
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