poll-tax

poll tax

[pohl]
noun
a capitation tax, the payment of which is sometimes a prerequisite to exercise the right of suffrage.
Also called head tax.


Origin:
1685–95

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
poll tax
 
n
1.  a tax levied per head of adult population
2.  an informal name for (the former) community charge

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

poll tax definition


A tax required as a qualification for voting. After the Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution extended the vote to blacks in 1870, many southern states instituted poll taxes to prevent blacks from voting. The Twenty-fourth Amendment to the Constitution, adopted in 1964, prohibits poll taxes for federal elections.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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