Pollarding

pollard

[pol-erd]
noun
1.
a tree cut back nearly to the trunk, so as to produce a dense mass of branches.
2.
an animal, as a stag, ox, or sheep, having no horns.
verb (used with object)
3.
to convert into a pollard.

Origin:
1515–25; poll1 + -ard

unpollarded, adjective
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World English Dictionary
pollard (ˈpɒləd)
 
n
1.  an animal, such as a sheep or deer, that has either shed its horns or antlers or has had them removed
2.  a tree that has had its top cut off to encourage the formation of a crown of branches
 
vb
3.  (tr) to convert into a pollard; poll
 
[C16: hornless animal; see poll]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

pollarding

cutting of top tree branches back to the trunk, leaving club-headed stems that grow a thick head of new branches. The purpose in some areas is to limit the area of top growth or to create an annual harvest of boughs for basket weaving, securing thatch, and the like. In cities such as London it is done to prevent branches from tangling with overhead wires and from overhanging streets and to promote growth of a denser foliage

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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