poll

1 [pohl]
noun
1.
a sampling or collection of opinions on a subject, taken from either a selected or a random group of persons, as for the purpose of analysis.
2.
Usually, polls. the place where votes are taken.
3.
the registering of votes, as at an election.
4.
the voting at an election.
5.
the number of votes cast.
6.
the numerical result of the voting.
7.
an enumeration or a list of individuals, as for purposes of taxing or voting.
9.
a person or individual in a number or list.
10.
the head, especially the part of it on which the hair grows.
11.
the back of the head.
12.
the rear portion of the head of a horse; the nape. See diag. under horse.
13.
the part of the head between the ears of certain animals, as the horse and cow.
14.
the broad end or face of a hammer.
verb (used with object)
15.
to take a sampling of the attitudes or opinions of.
16.
to receive at the polls, as votes.
17.
to enroll (someone) in a list or register, as for purposes of taxing or voting.
18.
to take or register the votes of (persons).
19.
to deposit or cast at the polls, as a vote.
20.
to bring to the polls, as voters.
21.
to cut short or cut off the hair, wool, etc., of (an animal); crop; clip; shear.
22.
to cut short or cut off (hair, wool, etc.).
23.
to cut off the top of (a tree); pollard.
24.
to cut off or cut short the horns of (cattle).
verb (used without object)
25.
to vote at the polls; give one's vote.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English polle (hair of the) head < Middle Low German: hair of the head, top of a tree or other plant; akin to Danish puld, Swedish pull crown of the head

pollable, adjective
poller, noun
repolling, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
poll (pəʊl)
 
n
1.  the casting, recording, or counting of votes in an election; a voting
2.  the result or quantity of such a voting: a heavy poll
3.  Also called: opinion poll
 a.  a canvassing of a representative sample of a large group of people on some question in order to determine the general opinion of the group
 b.  the results or record of such a canvassing
4.  any counting or enumeration: a poll of the number of men with long hair
5.  short for poll tax
6.  a list or enumeration of people, esp for taxation or voting purposes
7.  the striking face of a hammer
8.  the occipital or back part of the head of an animal
 
vb
9.  to receive (a vote or quantity of votes): he polled 10 000 votes
10.  to receive, take, or record the votes of: he polled the whole town
11.  to canvass (a person, group, area, etc) as part of a survey of opinion
12.  chiefly (US) to take the vote, verdict, opinion, etc, individually of each member (of a jury, conference, etc)
13.  (sometimes intr) to cast (a vote) in an election
14.  computing (in data transmission when several terminals share communications channels) to check each channel rapidly to establish which are free, or to call for data from each terminal in turn
15.  to clip or shear
16.  to remove or cut short the horns of (cattle)
 
[C13 (in the sense: a human head) and C17 (in the modern sense: a counting of heads, votes): from Middle Low German polle hair of the head, head, top of a tree; compare Swedish pull crown of the head]

polling (ˈpəʊlɪŋ)
 
n
1.  a.  the casting or registering of votes at an election
 b.  (as modifier): polling day
2.  the conducting of a public opinion poll
3.  computing the automatic interrogation of terminals by a central controlling machine to determine if they are ready to receive or transmit messages

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

poll
late 13c., polle "hair of the head," from M.L.G. or M.Du. pol "head, top." Meaning "collection of votes" is first recorded 1620s, from notion of "counting heads;" meaning "survey of public opinion" is first recorded 1902. The verb meaning "to take the votes of" also is first recorded 1620s. Pollster
is 1939. A deed poll "deed executed by one party only," is from earlier verbal meaning "cut the hair of," because the deed was cut straight rather than indented (see indent).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

polling definition


poll

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Example sentences
When they had their first election, they had polling stations around the
  country.
Polling sites all over the country have been flooded with early voters and are
  preparing for a deluge on election day.
Your apelike ancestors probably aren't top of mind when you enter the polling
  booth.
But where anecdotes and polling data have thrived, science has somewhat
  struggled.
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