poll

1 [pohl]
noun
1.
a sampling or collection of opinions on a subject, taken from either a selected or a random group of persons, as for the purpose of analysis.
2.
Usually, polls. the place where votes are taken.
3.
the registering of votes, as at an election.
4.
the voting at an election.
5.
the number of votes cast.
6.
the numerical result of the voting.
7.
an enumeration or a list of individuals, as for purposes of taxing or voting.
9.
a person or individual in a number or list.
10.
the head, especially the part of it on which the hair grows.
11.
the back of the head.
12.
the rear portion of the head of a horse; the nape. See diag. under horse.
13.
the part of the head between the ears of certain animals, as the horse and cow.
14.
the broad end or face of a hammer.
verb (used with object)
15.
to take a sampling of the attitudes or opinions of.
16.
to receive at the polls, as votes.
17.
to enroll (someone) in a list or register, as for purposes of taxing or voting.
18.
to take or register the votes of (persons).
19.
to deposit or cast at the polls, as a vote.
20.
to bring to the polls, as voters.
21.
to cut short or cut off the hair, wool, etc., of (an animal); crop; clip; shear.
22.
to cut short or cut off (hair, wool, etc.).
23.
to cut off the top of (a tree); pollard.
24.
to cut off or cut short the horns of (cattle).
verb (used without object)
25.
to vote at the polls; give one's vote.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English polle (hair of the) head < Middle Low German: hair of the head, top of a tree or other plant; akin to Danish puld, Swedish pull crown of the head

pollable, adjective
poller, noun
repolling, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged

poll

2 [pol]
noun
1.
(especially at Cambridge University, England)
2.
the body of students who read for or obtain a degree without honors.
3.
Also called poll degree. pass degree.

Origin:
1785–95; apparently < Greek polloí, in hoi polloí the many; see poly-

poll

3 [pol]
noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
poll (pəʊl)
 
n
1.  the casting, recording, or counting of votes in an election; a voting
2.  the result or quantity of such a voting: a heavy poll
3.  Also called: opinion poll
 a.  a canvassing of a representative sample of a large group of people on some question in order to determine the general opinion of the group
 b.  the results or record of such a canvassing
4.  any counting or enumeration: a poll of the number of men with long hair
5.  short for poll tax
6.  a list or enumeration of people, esp for taxation or voting purposes
7.  the striking face of a hammer
8.  the occipital or back part of the head of an animal
 
vb
9.  to receive (a vote or quantity of votes): he polled 10 000 votes
10.  to receive, take, or record the votes of: he polled the whole town
11.  to canvass (a person, group, area, etc) as part of a survey of opinion
12.  chiefly (US) to take the vote, verdict, opinion, etc, individually of each member (of a jury, conference, etc)
13.  (sometimes intr) to cast (a vote) in an election
14.  computing (in data transmission when several terminals share communications channels) to check each channel rapidly to establish which are free, or to call for data from each terminal in turn
15.  to clip or shear
16.  to remove or cut short the horns of (cattle)
 
[C13 (in the sense: a human head) and C17 (in the modern sense: a counting of heads, votes): from Middle Low German polle hair of the head, head, top of a tree; compare Swedish pull crown of the head]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

poll
late 13c., polle "hair of the head," from M.L.G. or M.Du. pol "head, top." Meaning "collection of votes" is first recorded 1620s, from notion of "counting heads;" meaning "survey of public opinion" is first recorded 1902. The verb meaning "to take the votes of" also is first recorded 1620s. Pollster
is 1939. A deed poll "deed executed by one party only," is from earlier verbal meaning "cut the hair of," because the deed was cut straight rather than indented (see indent).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
If members enter afterwards and it is desired to reopen the polls it can be
  done by a majority vote.
The majority went to the polls and cast their vote on election day, if it did
  not rain or snow.
Before polls open, workers insert a flash memory card into each machine to set
  the ballots.
To be fair to any such immoveable senators, both polls were carried out by
  universities, so are perhaps not to be believed.
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