[pol-uh-neyz, poh-luh-]
a slow dance of Polish origin, in triple meter, consisting chiefly of a march or promenade in couples.
a piece of music for, or in the rhythm of, such a dance.
Also, polonese [pol-uh-neez, -nees, poh-luh-] . a coatlike outer dress, combining bodice and cutaway overskirt, worn in the late 18th century over a separate skirt.

1765–75; < French, feminine of polonais Polish, equivalent to Polon- (< Medieval Latin Polonia Poland) + -ais -ese

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World English Dictionary
polonaise (ˌpɒləˈneɪz)
1.  a ceremonial marchlike dance in three-four time from Poland
2.  a piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance
3.  a woman's costume with a tight bodice and an overskirt drawn back to show a decorative underskirt
[C18: from French danse polonaise Polish dance]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1773, "woman's overdress" (from fancied resemblance to Polish costume); 1797, "stately dance," from Fr. (danse) polonaise "a Polish (dance)," fem. of polonais (adj.) "Polish," from Pologne "Poland," from M.L. Polonia "Poland." In the culinary sense, applied to dishes supposed to be cooked in Pol. style,
attested from 1889.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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