pompadour, marquise de


[pom-puh-dawr, -dohr, -door; French pawn-pa-door]
Marquise de (Jeanne Antoinette Poisson Le Normant d'Étioles) 1721–64, mistress of Louis XV of France.
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World English Dictionary
pompadour (ˈpɒmpəˌdʊə)
an early 18th-century hairstyle for women, having the front hair arranged over a pad to give it greater height and bulk
[C18: named after the Marquise de Pompadour, who originated it]

Pompadour (French pɔ̃padur)
Marquise de, title of Jeanne Antoinette Poisson. 1721--64, mistress of Louis XV of France (1745--64), whom she greatly influenced

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1887 as a men's hairstyle; 1899 as a woman's style with the hair swept up over the forehead, in allusion to Jeanne-Antionette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour (1721-64), mistress of Louis XV from 1745-50, who wore her hair in an upswept style. Used in her lifetime in ref. to various fashions, accessories,
colors, furniture, etc. The estate of Pompadour is in the Limousin region.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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