pompadour, marquise de

Pompadour

[pom-puh-dawr, -dohr, -door; French pawn-pa-door]
noun
Marquise de (Jeanne Antoinette Poisson Le Normant d'Étioles) 1721–64, mistress of Louis XV of France.
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pompadour (ˈpɒmpəˌdʊə)
 
n
an early 18th-century hairstyle for women, having the front hair arranged over a pad to give it greater height and bulk
 
[C18: named after the Marquise de Pompadour, who originated it]

Pompadour (French pɔ̃padur)
 
n
Marquise de, title of Jeanne Antoinette Poisson. 1721--64, mistress of Louis XV of France (1745--64), whom she greatly influenced

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

pompadour
1887 as a men's hairstyle; 1899 as a woman's style with the hair swept up over the forehead, in allusion to Jeanne-Antionette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour (1721-64), mistress of Louis XV from 1745-50, who wore her hair in an upswept style. Used in her lifetime in ref. to various fashions, accessories,
colors, furniture, etc. The estate of Pompadour is in the Limousin region.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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