Denotation vs. Connotation


[pawr-puh s] /ˈpɔr pəs/
noun, plural (especially collectively) porpoise (especially referring to two or more kinds or species) porpoises.
any of several small, gregarious cetaceans of the genus Phocoena, usually blackish above and paler beneath, and having a blunt, rounded snout, especially the common porpoise, P. phocoena, of both the North Atlantic and Pacific.
any of several other small cetaceans, as the common dolphin, Delphinus delphis.
verb (used without object), porpoised, porpoising.
(of a speeding motorboat) to leap clear of the water after striking a wave.
(of a torpedo) to appear above the surface of the water.
to move forward with a rising and falling motion in the manner of a porpoise:
The car has a tendency to porpoise when overloaded.
Origin of porpoise
1275-1325; Middle English porpoys < Middle French porpois < Vulgar Latin *porcopiscis hog fish, for Latin porcus marīnus sea hog
Related forms
porpoiselike, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for porpoise
Historical Examples
  • Now and then we met a sea-fowl, floating on the smooth water; and in our wake gambolled a porpoise or two.

    The Visionary Jonas Lie
  • But I wonder what the porpoise was, and what brought her in these seas?

    The Field of Ice Jules Verne
  • "You didn't get the porpoise," the Centipede said exultantly, as though his escape materially diminished our success.

  • The next business was to move in all the furniture of the porpoise.

    The Field of Ice Jules Verne
  • But, though the powerful screw churned the water to foam in the tunnel, the porpoise never budged.

  • He might as well have tried to get early speed out of a porpoise.

    Old Man Curry Charles E. (Charles Emmett) Van Loan
  • The bay abounds with fish, of which the chief are cod, salmon, porpoise and whales.

  • Then we've not much to fear from him; but here he is, puffing like a porpoise.

  • Here, unless he mend his caution, I fear he will never learn to play the porpoise at the Zoo.

    Chimney-Pot Papers Charles S. Brooks
  • "The men from the porpoise can't be far off," said the doctor.

British Dictionary definitions for porpoise


noun (pl) -poises, -poise
any of various small cetacean mammals of the genus Phocaena and related genera, having a blunt snout and many teeth: family Delphinidae (or Phocaenidae)
(not in technical use) any of various related cetaceans, esp the dolphin
Word Origin
C14: from French pourpois, from Medieval Latin porcopiscus (from Latin porcus pig + piscis fish), replacing Latin porcus marīnus sea pig
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for porpoise

early 14c., porpas, from Old French porpais (12c.) "porpoise," literally "pork fish," from porc "pork" (see pork (n.)) + peis "fish," from Latin piscis "fish" (see fish (n.)).

The Old French word probably is a loan-translation of a Germanic word meaning literally "sea-hog, mere-swine;" cf. Old Norse mar-svin, Old High German meri-swin, Middle Dutch mereswijn "porpoise" (the last of which also was borrowed directly into French and became Modern French marsouin).

Classical Latin had a similar name, porculus marinus (in Pliny), and the notion behind the name likely is a fancied resemblance of the snout to that of a pig.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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