an undesirable or unfortunate happening that occurs unintentionally and usually results in harm, injury, damage, or loss; casualty; mishap: automobile accidents.
Law. such a happening resulting in injury that is in no way the fault of the injured person for which compensation or indemnity is legally sought.
any event that happens unexpectedly, without a deliberate plan or cause.
chance; fortune; luck: I was there by accident.
a fortuitous circumstance, quality, or characteristic: an accident of birth.
Philosophy. any entity or event contingent upon the existence of something else.
Geology. a surface irregularity, usually on a small scale, the reason for which is not apparent.

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin accident- (stem of accidēns happening, present participle of accidere to befall), equivalent to ac- ac- + -cid-, combining form of cad- fall + -ent- -ent

postaccident, adjective

accident, Occident.

1. mischance, misfortune, misadventure; contingency; disaster.

4. design, intent. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
accident (ˈæksɪdənt)
1.  an unforeseen event or one without an apparent cause
2.  anything that occurs unintentionally or by chance; chance; fortune: I met him by accident
3.  a misfortune or mishap, esp one causing injury or death
4.  logic, philosophy Also called: adjunct a nonessential attribute or characteristic of something (as opposed to substance)
5.  metaphysics a property as contrasted with the substance in which it inheres
6.  geology a surface irregularity in a natural formation, esp in a rock formation or a river system
[C14: via Old French from Latin accident- chance, happening, from the present participle of accidere to befall, happen, from ad- to + cadere to fall]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., "an occurrence, incident, event," from O.Fr. accident (12c.), from L. accidentum (nom. accidens, gen. accidentis), prp. of accidere "happen, fall out, fall upon," from ad- "to" + cadere "fall" (see case (1)). Meaning grew from "something that happens, an event,"
to "something that happens by chance," then "mishap."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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