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hemiplegia

[hem-i-plee-jee-uh, -juh] /ˌhɛm ɪˈpli dʒi ə, -dʒə/
noun, Pathology
1.
paralysis of one side of the body.
Origin
1590-1600
1590-1600; < Neo-Latin < Medieval Greek hēmiplēgía. See hemi-, -plegia
Related forms
hemiplegic
[hem-i-plee-jik, -plej-ik] /ˌhɛm ɪˈpli dʒɪk, -ˈplɛdʒ ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective, noun
posthemiplegic, adjective
prehemiplegic, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for posthemiplegic

hemiplegia

/ˌhɛmɪˈpliːdʒɪə/
noun
1.
paralysis of one side of the body, usually as the result of injury to the brain Compare paraplegia, quadriplegia
Derived Forms
hemiplegic, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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posthemiplegic in Medicine

hemiplegia hem·i·ple·gia (hěm'ĭ-plē'jə, -jē-ə)
n.
Paralysis affecting only one side of the body.


hem'i·ple'gic (-plē'jĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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posthemiplegic in Science
hemiplegia
  (hěm'ĭ-plē'jə)   
Paralysis of one side of the body, usually resulting from a stroke or other brain injury.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for posthemiplegic

hemiplegia

paralysis of the muscles of the lower face, arm, and leg on one side of the body. The most common cause of hemiplegia is damage to the corticospinal tracts in one hemisphere of the brain due to obstruction or rupture of a cerebral artery or to brain tumour. The corticospinal tracts extend from the lower spinal cord to the cerebral cortex. They decussate, or cross, in the brainstem; therefore, damage to the right cerebral hemisphere results in paralysis of the left side of the body. Damage to the left hemisphere of a right-handed person may also result in aphasia.

Learn more about hemiplegia with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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