noun Pathology.
inflammation of the kidneys, especially in Bright's disease.

1570–80; < Late Latin nephrītis a disease of the kidneys < Greek nephrîtis. See nephr-, -itis

nephritic [nuh-frit-ik] , adjective
nonnephritic, adjective
postnephritic, adjective
prenephritic, adjective
unnephritic, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
nephritis (nɪˈfraɪtɪs)
inflammation of a kidney

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1580, from L.L. nephritis, from Gk. nephritis, from nephros "kidney" (from PIE *negwhro- "kidney," cf. L. nefrones, O.N. nyra, Du. nier, Ger. Niere "kidney") + -itis "inflammation."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

nephritis ne·phri·tis (nə-frī'tĭs)
n. pl. ne·phri·tis·es or ne·phrit·i·des (-frĭt'ĭ-dēz')
Acute or chronic inflammation of the kidneys.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
nephritis   (nə-frī'tĭs)  Pronunciation Key 
Inflammation of the kidneys.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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