postpythagorean

Pythagorean

[pi-thag-uh-ree-uhn]
adjective
1.
of or pertaining to Pythagoras, to his school, or to his doctrines.
noun
2.
a follower of Pythagoras.

Origin:
1540–50; < Latin Pȳthagorē(us) (< Greek Pȳthagóreios of Pythagoras) + -an

post-Pythagorean, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Pythagorean (paɪˌθæɡəˈriːən)
 
adj
1.  of or relating to Pythagoras
2.  denoting the diatonic scale of eight notes arrived at by Pythagoras and based on a succession of fifths
 
n
3.  a follower of Pythagoras

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Pythagorean
1550, from L. Pythagoreus "of or pertaining to Pythagoras," Gk. philosopher of Samos (6c. B.C.E.), whose teachings included transmigration of the soul and vegetarianism (these are some of the commonest early allusions in Eng.). The Pythagorean theorem is the 47th of the first book of Euclid.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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