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pratyahara

[pruh-tyah-hahr-uh] /prə tyɑˈhɑr ə/
noun
1.
the Yogic practice of turning the mind to introspection by voluntarily shutting out distractions provided by the senses.
Also, prathyahara.
Origin
1880-1885
1880-85; < Sanskrit pratyāhāra
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Encyclopedia Article for pratyahara

(Sanskrit: "withdrawal of the senses"), in the Yoga system of Indian philosophy, fifth of the eight stages intended to lead the aspirant to samadhi, the state of perfect concentration. The goal of pratyahara is to arrest the reaction of the senses to external objects, thus helping to isolate and free the mind from the involuntary intrusions caused by sensory activity. The mind does not cease to experience external phenomena but merely experiences them directly through its own intensified powers of concentration instead of through the mediation of the senses.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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