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allowance

[uh-lou-uh ns] /əˈlaʊ əns/
noun
1.
the act of allowing.
2.
an amount or share allotted or granted.
3.
a sum of money allotted or granted for a particular purpose, as for expenses:
Her allowance for the business trip was $200.
4.
a sum of money allotted or granted to a person on a regular basis, as for personal or general living expenses:
The art student lived on an allowance of $300 a month. When I was in first grade, my parents gave me an allowance of 50 cents a week.
5.
an addition or deduction based on an extenuating or qualifying circumstance:
an allowance for profit; an allowance for depreciation.
6.
acknowledgment; concession:
the allowance of a claim.
7.
sanction; tolerance:
the allowance of slavery.
8.
Machinery. a prescribed difference in dimensions of two closely fitting mating parts with regard to minimum clearance or maximum interference.
Compare tolerance (def 6a).
9.
Coining. tolerance (def 7).
verb (used with object), allowanced, allowancing.
10.
to place on a fixed allowance, as of food or drink.
11.
to allocate (supplies, rations, etc.) in fixed or regular amounts.
Idioms
12.
make allowance / allowances (for),
  1. to take mitigating factors or circumstances into consideration.
  2. to pardon; excuse.
  3. to reserve time, money, etc.; allow for:
    Make allowance for souvenirs on the return trip.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English alouance < Middle French. See allow, -ance
Related forms
preallowance, noun
superallowance, noun
Synonyms
2. allotment. 4. stipend. 7. permission, authorization, approval, sufferance.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for pre allowance

allowance

/əˈlaʊəns/
noun
1.
an amount of something, esp money or food, given or allotted usually at regular intervals
2.
a discount, as in consideration for something given in part exchange or to increase business; rebate
3.
(in Britain) an amount of a person's income that is not subject to a particular tax and is therefore deducted before his or her liability to taxation is assessed
4.
a portion set aside to compensate for something or to cover special expenses
5.
(Brit, education) a salary supplement given to a teacher who is appointed to undertake extra duties and responsibilities
6.
admission; concession
7.
the act of allowing; sanction; toleration
8.
something allowed
9.
(usually foll by for) make allowances, make allowance
  1. to take mitigating circumstances into account in consideration (of)
  2. to allow (for)
verb
10.
(transitive) to supply (something) in limited amounts
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for pre allowance

allowance

n.

late 14c., "praise" (a sense now obsolete), from Old French aloance "allowance, granting, allocation," from alouer (see allow). Sense of "a sum alloted to meet expenses" is from c.1400. In accounts, meaning "a sum placed to one's credit" is attested from 1520s. To make allowances is literally to add or deduct a sum from someone's account for some special circumstance. Figurative use of the phrase is attested from 1670s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with pre allowance

allowance

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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