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furlough

[fur-loh] /ˈfɜr loʊ/
noun
1.
Military. a vacation or leave of absence granted to an enlisted person.
2.
a usually temporary layoff from work:
Many plant workers have been forced to go on furlough.
3.
a temporary leave of absence authorized for a prisoner from a penitentiary.
verb (used with object)
4.
to grant a furlough to.
5.
to lay (an employee or worker) off from work, usually temporarily.
Origin
1615-1625
1615-25; variant of earlier furlogh, furloff < Dutch verlof leave, permission; current pronunciation by association with dough, etc.
Related forms
prefurlough, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for pre furlough

furlough

/ˈfɜːləʊ/
noun
1.
leave of absence from military duty
2.
(US) a temporary laying-off of employees, usually because there is insufficient work to occupy them
verb (transitive)
3.
to grant a furlough to
4.
(US) to lay off (staff) temporarily
Word Origin
C17: from Dutch verlof, from ver-for- + lof leave, permission; related to Swedish förlof
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for pre furlough

furlough

n.

1620s, vorloffe, from Dutch verlof, literally "permission," from Middle Dutch ver- "completely, for" + laf, lof "permission," which is related to the second element in believe and to leave (n.).

The -gh spelling developed by 1770s and represents an "f" that was once pronounced at the end of the word but disappeared fairly soon thereafter in English.

v.

1783, from furlough (n.). Related: Furloughed; furloughing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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