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benediction

[ben-i-dik-shuh n] /ˌbɛn ɪˈdɪk ʃən/
noun
1.
an utterance of good wishes.
2.
the form of blessing pronounced by an officiating minister, as at the close of divine service.
3.
a ceremony by which things are set aside for sacred uses, as a church, vestments, or bells.
4.
(usually initial capital letter). Also called Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament. a service consisting of prayers, at least one prescribed hymn, censing of the congregation and the Host, and a blessing of the congregation by moving in the form of a cross the ciborium or monstrance containing the Host.
5.
the advantage conferred by blessing; a mercy or benefit.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English (< Middle French) < Latin benedictiōn- (stem of benedictiō). See Benedictus, -ion
Related forms
prebenediction, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for pre-benediction

benediction

/ˌbɛnɪˈdɪkʃən/
noun
1.
an invocation of divine blessing, esp at the end of a Christian religious ceremony
2.
a Roman Catholic service in which the congregation is blessed with the sacrament
3.
the state of being blessed
Derived Forms
benedictory, adjective
Word Origin
C15: from Latin benedictio, from benedīcere to bless; see benedicite
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for pre-benediction

benediction

n.

c.1400, from Latin benedictionem (nominative benedictio), noun of action from bene dicere "to speak well of, bless," from bene "well" (see bene-) + dicere "to speak" (see diction). The oldest sense in English is of grace before meat. The older French form, beneiçon passed into Middle English as benison.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for pre-benediction

benediction

a verbal blessing of persons or things, commonly applied to invocations pronounced in God's name by a priest or minister, usually at the conclusion of a religious service. The Aaronic benediction (Num. 6:24-26) was incorporated by Luther into his German Mass and is preserved by modern Lutherans because of its impressive dignity; it is also used in the Mozarabic liturgy of Spain before the reception of the Host. The Swedish liturgy appends a trinitarian formula to this same benediction. Some Christian churches, however, prefer the Pauline benediction (II Cor. 13:14).

Learn more about benediction with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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