pre-emptive

preemptive

[pree-emp-tiv]
adjective
1.
of or pertaining to preemption.
2.
taken as a measure against something possible, anticipated, or feared; preventive; deterrent: a preemptive tactic against a ruthless business rival.
3.
preempting or possessing the power to preempt; appropriative; privileged: a commander's preemptive authority.
4.
Bridge. pertaining to, involving, or noting an opening bid or an overcall in a suit that is at an unnecessarily high level and that is essentially a defensive maneuver designed to make communication between one's opponents more difficult: a preemptive bid; to give a preemptive response.
Also, pre-emptive.


Origin:
1785–95, Americanism; preempt + -ive

preemptively, adverb

peremptory, preemptive.
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World English Dictionary
pre-emptive (prɪˈɛmptɪv)
 
adj
1.  of, involving, or capable of pre-emption
2.  bridge (of a high bid) made to shut out opposition bidding
3.  military designed to reduce or destroy an enemy's attacking strength before it can use it: a pre-emptive strike
 
pre-'emptively
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

pre-emptive
1855, also preemptive, "pertaining to preemption;" from preempt + -ive. Specifically of an attack on an enemy who is plotting his own attack, from 1959, a term from the Cold War.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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