pre-engineering

engineering

[en-juh-neer-ing]
noun
1.
the art or science of making practical application of the knowledge of pure sciences, as physics or chemistry, as in the construction of engines, bridges, buildings, mines, ships, and chemical plants.
2.
the action, work, or profession of an engineer.
3.
skillful or artful contrivance; maneuvering.

Origin:
1710–20; engineer + -ing1

nonengineering, noun, adjective
preengineering, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
engineering (ˌɛndʒɪˈnɪərɪŋ)
 
n
See also military engineering the profession of applying scientific principles to the design, construction, and maintenance of engines, cars, machines, etc (mechanical engineering), buildings, bridges, roads, etc (civil engineering), electrical machines and communication systems (electrical engineering), chemical plant and machinery (chemical engineering), or aircraft (aeronautical engineering)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

engineer
early 14c., "constructor of military engines," from O.Fr. engigneor, from L.L. ingeniare (see engine); general sense of "inventor, designer" is recorded from early 15c.; civil sense, in ref. to public works, is recorded from c.1600. Meaning "locomotive driver" is first attested
1832, Amer.Eng. The verb is attested from 1843; figurative sense of "arrange, contrive" is attested from 1864, originally in a political context. Related: Engineered. Engineering as a field of study is attested from 1792; an earlier word was engineership (1640s). Engineery was attempted in 1793, but it did not stick.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
engineering   (ěn'jə-nîr'ĭng)  Pronunciation Key 
The application of science to practical uses such as the design of structures, machines, and systems. Engineering has many specialities such as civil engineering, chemical engineering, and mechanical engineering.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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