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Persian

[pur-zhuh n, -shuh n] /ˈpɜr ʒən, -ʃən/
adjective
1.
of or relating to ancient and recent Persia (now Iran), its people, or their language.
noun
2.
a member of the native peoples of Iran, descended in part from the ancient Iranians.
3.
a citizen of ancient Persia.
4.
an Iranian language, the principal language of Iran and western Afghanistan, in its historical and modern forms.
5.
Architecture. a figure of a man used as a column.
6.
Persians, Persian blinds.
Origin
1325-1375
1325-75; Persi(a) + -an; replacing Middle English Persien < Middle French; replacing Old English Persisc (see -ish1)
Related forms
pre-Persian, adjective, noun
pseudo-Persian, adjective, noun
trans-Persian, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for pre-persian

Persian

/ˈpɜːʃən/
adjective
1.
of or relating to ancient Persia or modern Iran, their inhabitants, or their languages
noun
2.
a native, citizen, or inhabitant of modern Iran; an Iranian
3.
a member of an Indo-European people of West Iranian speech who established a great empire in SW Asia in the 6th century bc
4.
the language of Iran or Persia in any of its ancient or modern forms, belonging to the West Iranian branch of the Indo-European family See also Avestan, Old Persian, Pahlavi2 , Farsi
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for pre-persian

Persian

c.1400, percynne (adj.), Old English Perse (n.), both from Latin *Persianus (the adjective via Old French persien), from Persia "Persia" (see Persia). First record of Persian cat is from 1785.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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