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allege

[uh-lej] /əˈlɛdʒ/
verb (used with object), alleged, alleging.
1.
to assert without proof.
2.
to declare with positiveness; affirm; assert:
to allege a fact.
3.
to declare before a court or elsewhere, as if under oath.
4.
to plead in support of; offer as a reason or excuse.
5.
Archaic. to cite or quote in confirmation.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English alleg(g)en, probably < Old French aleguer (< Medieval Latin, Latin allēgāre to adduce in support of a plea; see allegation), conflated with Anglo-French, Old French aleg(i)er to justify, free, literally, to lighten (< Late Latin alleviāre; see alleviate); homonymous Middle English v. alleg(g)en, with literal sense of Old French aleg(i)er, replaced by allay in 16th cent.
Related forms
allegeable, adjective
alleger, noun
misallege, verb (used with object), misalleged, misalleging.
preallege, verb (used with object), prealleged, prealleging.
reallege, verb (used with object), realleged, realleging.
Can be confused
accuse, allege, charge.
Synonyms
1. See maintain. 2. state, asseverate, aver. 3. attest.
Antonyms
2. deny.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for preallege

allege

/əˈlɛdʒ/
verb (transitive; may take a clause as object)
1.
to declare in or as if in a court of law; state without or before proof: he alleged malpractice
2.
to put forward (an argument or plea) for or against an accusation, claim, etc
3.
(archaic) to cite or quote, as to confirm
Word Origin
C14 aleggen, ultimately from Latin allēgāre to dispatch on a mission, from lēx law
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for preallege

allege

v.

c.1300. It has the form of one French verb and the meaning of another. The form is Anglo-French aleger, Old French eslegier "to clear at law," from Latin ex- "out of" (see ex-) and litigare "bring suit" (see litigate); however eslegier meant "acquit, clear of charges in a lawsuit." It somehow acquired the meaning of French alléguer, from Latin allegare "send for, bring forth, name, produce in evidence," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + legare "to depute, send" (see legate). Related: Alleged; alleging.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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