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censor

[sen-ser] /ˈsɛn sər/
noun
1.
an official who examines books, plays, news reports, motion pictures, radio and television programs, letters, cablegrams, etc., for the purpose of suppressing parts deemed objectionable on moral, political, military, or other grounds.
2.
any person who supervises the manners or morality of others.
3.
an adverse critic; faultfinder.
4.
(in the ancient Roman republic) either of two officials who kept the register or census of the citizens, awarded public contracts, and supervised manners and morals.
5.
(in early Freudian dream theory) the force that represses ideas, impulses, and feelings, and prevents them from entering consciousness in their original, undisguised forms.
verb (used with object)
6.
to examine and act upon as a censor.
7.
to delete (a word or passage of text) in one's capacity as a censor.
Origin
1525-1535
1525-35; < Latin cēnsor, equivalent to cēns(ēre) to give as one's opinion, recommend, assess + -tor -tor; -sor for *-stor by analogy with derivatives from dentals, as tōnsor barber (see tonsorial)
Related forms
censorable, adjective
censorial
[sen-sawr-ee-uh l, -sohr-] /sɛnˈsɔr i əl, -ˈsoʊr-/ (Show IPA),
censorian, adjective
anticensorial, adjective
noncensored, adjective
overcensor, verb (used with object)
precensor, verb (used with object)
recensor, verb (used with object)
uncensorable, adjective
uncensored, adjective
Can be confused
censer, censor, censure, sensor.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for precensor

censor

/ˈsɛnsə/
noun
1.
a person authorized to examine publications, theatrical presentations, films, letters, etc, in order to suppress in whole or part those considered obscene, politically unacceptable, etc
2.
any person who controls or suppresses the behaviour of others, usually on moral grounds
3.
(in republican Rome) either of two senior magistrates elected to keep the list of citizens up to date, control aspects of public finance, and supervise public morals
4.
(psychoanal) the postulated factor responsible for regulating the translation of ideas and desires from the unconscious to the conscious mind See also superego
verb (transitive)
5.
to ban or cut portions of (a publication, film, letter, etc)
6.
to act as a censor of (behaviour, etc)
Derived Forms
censorable, adjective
censorial (sɛnˈsɔːrɪəl) adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Latin, from cēnsēre to consider, assess
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for precensor

censor

n.

1530s, "Roman magistrate who took censuses and oversaw public morals," from Middle French censor and directly from Latin censor, from censere "to appraise, value, judge," from PIE root *kens- "speak solemnly, announce" (cf. Sanskrit śamsati "recites, praises," śasa "song of praise").

There were two of them at a time in classical times, usually patricians, and they also had charge of public finances and public works. Transferred sense of "officious judge of morals and conduct" in English is from 1590s. Roman censor also had a transferred sense of "a severe judge; a rigid moralist; a censurer." Of books, plays (later films, etc.), 1640s. By the early decades of the 19c. the meaning of the English word had shaded into "state agent charged with suppression of speech or published matter deemed politically subversive." Related: Censorial.

v.

1833 of media, from censor (n.). Related: Censored; censoring.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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precensor in Medicine

censor cen·sor (sěn'sər)
n.
The hypothetical agent in the unconscious mind that is responsible for suppressing unconscious thoughts and wishes.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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16
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