preclude

[pri-klood]
verb (used with object), precluded, precluding.
1.
to prevent the presence, existence, or occurrence of; make impossible: The insufficiency of the evidence precludes a conviction.
2.
to exclude or debar from something: His physical disability precludes an athletic career for him.

Origin:
1610–20; < Latin praeclūdere to shut off, close, equivalent to prae- pre- + -clūdere, combining form of claudere to shut, close

precludable, adjective
preclusion [pri-kloo-zhuhn] , noun
preclusive [pri-kloo-siv] , adjective
preclusively, adverb
unprecludable, adjective
unprecluded, adjective
unpreclusive, adjective
unpreclusively, adverb


1. forestall; eliminate.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
preclude (prɪˈkluːd)
 
vb
1.  to exclude or debar
2.  to make impossible, esp beforehand
 
[C17: from Latin praeclūdere to shut up, from prae in front, before + claudere to close]
 
pre'cludable
 
adj
 
preclusion
 
n
 
preclusive
 
adj
 
pre'clusively
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

preclude
1618, from L. præcludere "to close, shut off, impede," from L. præ- "before, ahead" + claudere "to shut" (see close (v.)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
In one condition, participants recorded their predictions before seeing any of
  the flips, precluding the opportunity to cheat.
There are handles on both sides, thus precluding the need to link arms but
  increasing the possibility of breaking them.
Unsealing indictments would demonstrate seriousness of intent without
  precluding a settlement later.
The planet is not believed to transit its star, precluding astronomers' mapping
  its weather anytime soon.
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