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detain

[dih-teyn] /dɪˈteɪn/
verb (used with object)
1.
to keep from proceeding; keep waiting; delay.
2.
to keep under restraint or in custody.
3.
Obsolete. to keep back or withhold, as from a person.
Origin
1480-1490
1480-90; detainen < Anglo-French, Old French detenir < Vulgar Latin *dētenīre, for Latin dētinēre, equivalent to dē- de- + -tinēre, combining form of tenēre to hold
Related forms
detainable, adjective
detainment, noun
predetain, verb (used with object)
undetainable, adjective
undetained, adjective
Synonyms
1. retard, stop, slow, stay, check.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for predetain

detain

/dɪˈteɪn/
verb (transitive)
1.
to delay; hold back; stop
2.
to confine or hold in custody; restrain
3.
(archaic) to retain or withhold
Derived Forms
detainable, adjective
detainee (ˌdiːteɪˈniː) noun
detainment, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Old French detenir, from Latin dētinēre to hold off, keep back, from de- + tenēre to hold
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for predetain

detain

v.

early 15c., deteynen, from Old French detenir "to hold off, keep back" (12c.), from Latin detinere "hold off, keep back," from de- "from, away" (see de-) + tenere "to hold" (see tenet). Modern spelling is 17c., from influence of contain, retain, etc. Related: Detained; detaining.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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