one of a series of printings of the same book, newspaper, etc., each issued at a different time and differing from another by alterations, additions, etc. (distinguished from impression ).
the format in which a literary work is published: a one-volume edition of Shakespeare.
the whole number of impressions or copies of a book, newspaper, etc., printed from one set of type at one time.
a version of anything, printed or not, presented to the public: the newest edition of a popular musical revue.

1545–55; (< Middle French) < Latin ēditiōn- (stem of ēditiō) publication, equivalent to ēdit(us) (past participle of ēdere; see edit) + -iōn- -ion

preedition, noun

addition, edition. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
edition (ɪˈdɪʃən)
1.  printing
 a.  the entire number of copies of a book, newspaper, or other publication printed at one time from a single setting of type
 b.  a single copy from this number: a first edition; the evening edition
2.  Compare impression one of a number of printings of a book or other publication, issued at separate times with alterations, amendments, etc
3.  a.  an issue of a work identified by its format: a leather-bound edition of Shakespeare
 b.  an issue of a work identified by its editor or publisher: the Oxford edition of Shakespeare
4.  a particular instance of a television or radio programme broadcast
5.  (tr) to produce multiple copies of (an original work of art)
[C16: from Latin ēditiō a bringing forth, publishing, from ēdere to give out; see editor]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1550s, "act of publishing," from L. editionem (nom. editio) "a bringing forth, producing," from stem of edere "bring forth, produce," from ex- "out" + -dere, comb. form of dare "to give" (see date (1)). Meaning "form of a literary work" is from 1560s. "It is awkward to speak
of, e.g. 'The second edition of Campbell's edition of Plato's "Theætetus"'; but existing usage affords no satisfactory substitute for this inconvenient mode of expression" [OED].
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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