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preen1

[preen] /prin/
verb (used with object)
1.
(of animals, especially birds) to trim or dress (feathers, fur, etc.) with the beak or tongue:
The peacock preened itself on the lawn.
2.
to dress (oneself) carefully or smartly; primp:
The king preened himself in his elaborate ceremonial robes.
3.
to pride (oneself) on an achievement, personal quality, etc.:
He preened himself on having been graduated with honors.
verb (used without object)
4.
to make oneself appear striking or smart in dress or appearance:
No amount of careful preening will compensate for poor posture.
5.
to be exultant or proud.
Origin
late Middle English
1480-1490
1480-90; late Middle English prene, variant of Middle English prunen, proynen (see prune3), perhaps by association with prenen, to stab, pierce (v. use, now dial., of prene preen2), from the pricking action of a bird's beak in preening
Related forms
preener, noun
unpreened, adjective

preen2

[preen] /prin/
noun, Chiefly British Dialect
1.
a pin or brooch.
Origin
before 1000; Middle English prene, Old English prēon a pin; cognate with Old Norse prjōnn pin; akin to Dutch priem, German Pfreim awl
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for preens

preen1

/priːn/
verb
1.
(of birds) to maintain (feathers) in a healthy condition by arrangement, cleaning, and other contact with the bill
2.
to dress or array (oneself) carefully; primp
3.
(usually foll by on) to pride or congratulate (oneself)
Derived Forms
preener, noun
Word Origin
C14 preinen, probably from prunen to prune³, influenced by prenen to prick, pin (see preen²); suggestive of the pricking movement of the bird's beak

preen2

/priːn/
noun
1.
(Scot) a pin, esp a decorative one
Word Origin
Old English prēon a pin; related to Middle High German pfrieme awl, Dutch priem bodkin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for preens

preen

v.

"to trim, to dress up," late 14c., perhaps a variation of Middle English proynen, proinen "trim the feather with the beak" (see prune (v.)); or perhaps from Old French poroindre "anoint before," and Old French proignier "round off, prune." Middle English prene (from Old English preon, a general Germanic word) meant "to pin," and probably influenced the form of this word. Watkins, however, connects it with Latin unguere "to smear, anoint."

Because of the popularity of falconry, bird activities formerly were more closely observed and words for them were more precise in English than today.

Youre hawke proynith and not pikith and she prenyth not bot whan she begynnyth at hir leggys, and fetcheth moystour like oyle at hir taill. ["Book of St. Albans," 1486]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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