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extend

[ik-stend] /ɪkˈstɛnd/
verb (used with object)
1.
to stretch out; draw out to the full length:
He extended the measuring tape as far as it would go.
2.
to stretch, draw, or arrange in a given direction, or so as to reach a particular point, as a cord, wall, or line of troops.
3.
to stretch forth or hold out, as the arm or hand:
to extend one's hand in greeting.
4.
to place at full length, especially horizontally, as the body or limbs.
5.
to increase the length or duration of; lengthen; prolong:
to extend a visit.
6.
to stretch out in various or all directions; expand; spread out in area:
A huge tent was extended over the field.
7.
to enlarge the scope of, or make more comprehensive, as operations, influence, or meaning:
The European powers extended their authority in Asia.
8.
to provide as an offer or grant; offer; grant; give:
to extend aid to needy scholars.
9.
Finance. to postpone (the payment of a debt) beyond the time originally agreed upon.
10.
to increase the bulk or volume of, especially by adding an inexpensive or plentiful substance.
11.
Bookkeeping. to transfer (figures) from one column to another.
12.
Law.
  1. British. to assess or value.
  2. to make a seizure or levy upon, as land, by a writ of extent.
13.
Manège. to bring (a horse) into an extended attitude.
14.
to exert (oneself) to an unusual degree.
15.
Archaic. to exaggerate.
16.
Obsolete. to take by seizure.
verb (used without object)
17.
to be or become extended; stretch out in length, duration, or in various or all directions.
18.
to reach, as to a particular point.
19.
to increase in length, area, scope, etc.
20.
Manège. (of a horse) to come into an extended attitude.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English extenden < Latin extendere to stretch out. See ex-1, tend1
Related forms
extendible, extendable, adjective
extendibility, extendability, noun
nonextendible, adjective
nonextendibleness, noun
preextend, verb
superextend, verb
unextendable, adjective
unextendible, adjective
Synonyms
5. continue. See lengthen. 6. enlarge; widen, dilate. 8. bestow, impart.
Antonyms
1. shorten, contract.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for preextend

extend

/ɪkˈstɛnd/
verb
1.
to draw out or be drawn out; stretch
2.
to last for a certain time: his schooling extended for three years
3.
(intransitive) to reach a certain point in time or distance: the land extends five miles
4.
(intransitive) to exist or occur: the trees extended throughout the area
5.
(transitive) to increase (a building, etc) in size or area; add to or enlarge
6.
(transitive) to broaden the meaning or scope of: the law was extended
7.
(transitive) to put forth, present, or offer: to extend greetings
8.
to stretch forth (an arm, etc)
9.
(transitive) to lay out (a body) at full length
10.
(transitive) to strain or exert (a person or animal) to the maximum
11.
(transitive) to prolong (the time originally set) for payment of (a debt or loan), completion of (a task), etc
12.
(transitive) (accounting)
  1. to carry forward
  2. to calculate the amount of (a total, balance, etc)
13.
(transitive) (law) (formerly in England) to value or assess (land)
Derived Forms
extendible, extendable, adjective
extendibility, extendability, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Latin extendere to stretch out, from tendere to stretch
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for preextend

extend

v.

early 14c., "to value, assess;" late 14c. "to stretch out, lengthen," from Anglo-French estendre (late 13c.), Old French estendre "stretch out, extend, increase," from Latin extendere "stretch out," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + tendere "to stretch" (see tenet). Related: Extended; extending.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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preextend in Medicine

extend ex·tend (ĭk-stěnd')
v. ex·tend·ed, ex·tend·ing, ex·tends
To straighten a limb; unbend.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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