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prefer

[pri-fur] /prɪˈfɜr/
verb (used with object), preferred, preferring.
1.
to set or hold before or above other persons or things in estimation; like better; choose rather than:
to prefer beef to chicken.
2.
Law. to give priority, as to one creditor over another.
3.
to put forward or present (a statement, suit, charge, etc.) for consideration or sanction.
4.
to put forward or advance, as in rank or office; promote:
to be preferred for advancement.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English preferre < Latin praeferre to bear before, set before, prefer, equivalent to prae- pre- + ferre to bear1
Related forms
preferredly
[pri-fur-id-lee, -furd-lee] /prɪˈfɜr ɪd li, -ˈfɜrd li/ (Show IPA),
adverb
preferredness, noun
preferrer, noun
unpreferred, adjective
Synonyms
1. favor, fancy. 3. offer, proffer, tender.
Antonyms
1. reject. 3. retract.
Synonym Study
1. See choose.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for prefer ring

prefer

/prɪˈfɜː/
verb -fers, -ferring, -ferred
1.
(when transitive, may take a clause as object or an infinitive) to like better or value more highly: I prefer to stand
2.
(law) to give preference, esp to one creditor over others
3.
(esp of the police) to put (charges) before a court, judge, magistrate, etc, for consideration and judgment
4.
(transitive; often passive) to advance in rank over another or others; promote
Derived Forms
preferrer, noun
Usage note
Normally, to is used after prefer and preferable, not than: I prefer Brahms to Tchaikovsky; a small income is preferable to no income at all. However, than or rather than should be used to link infinitives: I prefer to walk than/rather than to catch the train
Word Origin
C14: from Latin praeferre to carry in front, prefer, from prae in front + ferre to bear
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for prefer ring

prefer

v.

late 14c., "to put forward or advance in rank or fortune, to promote," from Old French preferer (14c.) and directly from Latin praeferre "place or set before, carry in front," from prae "before" (see pre-) + ferre "to carry, to place" (see infer). Meaning "to esteem (something) more than others" also is recorded from late 14c. Original sense in English is preserved in preferment.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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