[fi-nans, fahy-nans]
the management of revenues; the conduct or transaction of money matters generally, especially those affecting the public, as in the fields of banking and investment.
finances, the monetary resources, as of a government, company, organization, or individual; revenue.
verb (used with object), financed, financing.
to supply with money or capital; obtain money or credit for.
verb (used without object), financed, financing.
to raise money or capital needed for financial operations.

1350–1400; Middle English finaunce < Anglo-French, Middle French finance, equivalent to fin(er) to end, settle, pay (see fine2) + -ance -ance

financeable, adjective
prefinance, verb (used with object), prefinanced, prefinancing.
self-finance, verb (used with object), self-financed, self-financing.
superfinance, noun, verb, superfinanced, superfinancing.
underfinance, verb (used with object), underfinanced, underfinancing.
unfinanced, adjective
well-financed, adjective

accounting, bookkeeping, finance. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
finance (fɪˈnæns, ˈfaɪnæns)
1.  the system of money, credit, etc, esp with respect to government revenues and expenditures
2.  funds or the provision of funds
3.  (plural) funds; financial condition
4.  (tr) to provide or obtain funds, capital, or credit for
5.  (intr) to manage or secure financial resources
[C14: from Old French, from finer to end, settle by payment]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1400, "an end," from M.Fr. finance "ending, settlement of a debt," from M.L. finis "a payment in settlement, fine or tax," from L. finis "end" (see finish). The notion is of "ending" (by satisfying) something that is due (cf. Gk. telos "end;" pl. tele "services due, dues
exacted by the state, financial means." See also fine (n.)). The French senses gradually were brought into English: "ransom" (mid-15c.), "taxation" (late 15c.); the sense of "manage money" first recorded in English 1770. The verb, in the capital sense, is recorded from 1827. Related: Financed; financing.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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