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harmony

[hahr-muh-nee] /ˈhɑr mə ni/
noun, plural harmonies.
1.
agreement; accord; harmonious relations.
2.
a consistent, orderly, or pleasing arrangement of parts; congruity.
3.
Music.
  1. any simultaneous combination of tones.
  2. the simultaneous combination of tones, especially when blended into chords pleasing to the ear; chordal structure, as distinguished from melody and rhythm.
  3. the science of the structure, relations, and practical combination of chords.
4.
an arrangement of the contents of the Gospels, either of all four or of the first three, designed to show their parallelism, mutual relations, and differences.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English armonye < Middle French < Latin harmonia < Greek harmonía joint, framework, agreement, harmony, akin to hárma chariot, harmós joint, ararískein to join together
Related forms
nonharmony, noun, plural nonharmonies.
preharmony, noun
Synonyms
1. concord, unity, peace, amity, friendship. 2. consonance, conformity, correspondence, consistency. See symmetry. 3. Harmony, melody in music suggest a combination of sounds from voices or musical instruments. Harmony is the blending of simultaneous sounds of different pitch or quality, making chords: harmony in part singing; harmony between violins and horns. Melody is the rhythmical combination of successive sounds of various pitch, making up the tune or air: a tuneful melody to accompany cheerful words.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for preharmony

harmony

/ˈhɑːmənɪ/
noun (pl) -nies
1.
agreement in action, opinion, feeling, etc; accord
2.
order or congruity of parts to their whole or to one another
3.
agreeable sounds
4.
(music)
  1. any combination of notes sounded simultaneously
  2. the vertically represented structure of a piece of music Compare melody (sense 1b), rhythm (sense 1)
  3. the art or science concerned with the structure and combinations of chords
5.
a collation of the material of parallel narratives, esp of the four Gospels
Word Origin
C14: from Latin harmonia concord of sounds, from Greek: harmony, from harmos a joint
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for preharmony

harmony

n.

late 14c., from Old French armonie "harmony," also the name of a musical instrument (12c.), from Latin harmonia, from Greek harmonia "agreement, concord of sounds," also as a proper name, the personification of music, literally "means of joining," used of ship-planks, etc., also "settled government, order," related to harmos "fastenings of a door; shoulder," from PIE *ar-ti-, from *ar- "to fit together" (see arm (n.1)). Musical sense is oldest in English; that of "agreement of feeling, concord" is from late 14c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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preharmony in Culture

harmony definition


The sounding of two or more musical notes at the same time in a way that is pleasant or desired. Harmony, melody, and rhythm are elements of music.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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