prenarcotic

narcotic

[nahr-kot-ik]
noun
1.
any of a class of substances that blunt the senses, as opium, morphine, belladonna, and alcohol, that in large quantities produce euphoria, stupor, or coma, that when used constantly can cause habituation or addiction, and that are used in medicine to relieve pain, cause sedation, and induce sleep.
2.
anything that exercises a soothing or numbing effect or influence: Television is a narcotic for many people.
adjective
3.
of or having the power to produce narcosis, as a drug.
4.
pertaining to or of the nature of narcosis.
5.
of or pertaining to narcotics or their use.
6.
used by, or in the treatment of, narcotic addicts.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English narcotik(e) (noun) < Medieval Latin narcōticum < Greek narkōtikón, noun use of neuter of narkōtikós benumbing, equivalent to narkō- (variant stem of narkoûn to benumb; see narco-) + -tikos -tic

narcotically, adverb
antinarcotic, adjective, noun
antinarcotics, adjective
nonnarcotic, adjective, noun
prenarcotic, adjective
pseudonarcotic, adjective, noun
seminarcotic, adjective
subnarcotic, adjective
unnarcotic, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
narcotic (nɑːˈkɒtɪk)
 
n
1.  any of a group of drugs, such as heroin, morphine, and pethidine, that produce numbness and stupor. They are used medicinally to relieve pain but are sometimes also taken for their pleasant effects; prolonged use may cause addiction
2.  anything that relieves pain or induces sleep, mental numbness, etc
3.  any illegal drug
 
adj
4.  of, relating to, or designating narcotics
5.  of or relating to narcotics addicts or users
6.  of or relating to narcosis
 
[C14: via Medieval Latin from Greek narkōtikós, from narkoūn to render numb, from narkē numbness]
 
nar'cotically
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

narcotic
c.1385, from O.Fr. adj. narcotique (1314), from M.L. narcoticum, from Gk. narkotikon, neut. of narkotikos "making stiff or numb," from narkotos, verbal adj. of narcoun "to benumb, make unconscious," from narke "numbness, stupor, cramp," perhaps from PIE base *(s)nerq- "to turn, twist." Sense of "any
illegal drug" first recorded 1926, Amer.Eng. The adj. is first attested 1601.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

narcotic nar·cot·ic (när-kŏt'ĭk)
n.
A drug derived from opium or opiumlike compounds, with potent analgesic effects associated with significant alteration of mood and behavior, and with the potential for dependence and tolerance following repeated administration. adj.
Capable of inducing a state of stuporous analgesia.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
narcotic   (när-kŏt'ĭk)  Pronunciation Key 
Any of a group of highly addictive analgesic drugs derived from opium or opiumlike compounds. Narcotics can cause drowsiness and significant alterations of mood and behavior.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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