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Pre-Raphaelite

[pree-raf-ee-uh-lahyt, -rey-fee-] /priˈræf i əˌlaɪt, -ˈreɪ fi-/
noun
1.
any of a group of English artists (Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood) formed in 1848, and including Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais, and Dante Gabriel Rossetti, who aimed to revive the style and spirit of the Italian artists before the time of Raphael.
adjective
2.
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the Pre-Raphaelites.
Origin
1840-1850
1840-50; pre- + Raphael + -ite1
Related forms
Pre-Raphaelitism, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for preraphaelite brotherhood

Pre-Raphaelite

/ˌpriːˈræfəlaɪt/
noun
1.
a member of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, an association of British painters and writers including Rossetti, Holman Hunt, and Millais, founded in 1848 to combat the shallow conventionalism of academic painting and revive the fidelity to nature and the vivid realistic colour that they considered typical of Italian painting before Raphael
adjective
2.
of, in the manner of, or relating to Pre-Raphaelite painting and painters
Derived Forms
Pre-Raphaelitism, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for preraphaelite brotherhood

Pre-Raphaelite

n., adj.

c.1848, in reference to the "brotherhood" (founded 1847) of Holman Hunt, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, John Everett Millais, and others (seven in all) who, encouraged by Ruskin, sought to revive the naturalistic spirit of art in the age before Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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