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remorse

[ri-mawrs] /rɪˈmɔrs/
noun
1.
deep and painful regret for wrongdoing; compunction.
2.
Obsolete. pity; compassion.
Origin
1325-1375
1325-75; Middle English < Middle French remors < Medieval Latin remorsus, equivalent to Latin remord(ere) to bite again, vex, nag (re- re- + mordere to bite) + -tus suffix of v. action, with dt > s; see mordant
Related forms
preremorse, noun
Synonyms
1. contrition. See regret.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for preremorse

remorse

/rɪˈmɔːs/
noun
1.
a sense of deep regret and guilt for some misdeed
2.
compunction; pity; compassion
Derived Forms
remorseful, adjective
remorsefully, adverb
remorsefulness, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Medieval Latin remorsus a gnawing, from Latin remordēre to bite again, from re- + mordēre to bite
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for preremorse

remorse

n.

late 14c., from Old French remors (Modern French remords), from Medieval Latin remorsum, noun use of neuter past participle of Latin remordere "to vex, disturb," literally "to bite back," from re- "back" (see re-) + mordere "to bite" (see mordant).

The sense evolution was via the Medieval Latin phrase remorsus conscientiæ (translated into Middle English as ayenbite of inwit). Middle English also had a verb, remord "to strike with remorse, touch with compassion, prick one's conscience."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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