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present1

[prez-uh nt] /ˈprɛz ənt/
adjective
1.
being, existing, or occurring at this time or now; current:
the present ruler.
2.
at this time; at hand; immediate:
articles for present use.
3.
Grammar.
  1. noting an action or state occurring at the moment of speaking. Knows is a present form in He knows that.
  2. noting or pertaining to a tense or other verb formation with such meaning.
4.
being with one or others or in the specified or understood place:
to be present at the wedding.
5.
being here:
Is everyone present?
6.
existing or occurring in a place, thing, combination, or the like:
Carbon is present in many minerals.
7.
being actually here or under consideration:
the present document; the present topic.
8.
being before the mind.
9.
Obsolete. mentally alert and calm, especially in emergencies.
10.
Obsolete. immediate or instant.
noun
11.
the present time.
12.
Grammar.
  1. the present tense.
  2. a verb formation or construction with present meaning.
  3. a form in the present.
13.
presents, Law. the present writings, or this document, used in a deed of conveyance, a lease, etc., to denote the document itself:
Know all men by these presents.
14.
Obsolete. the matter in hand.
Idioms
15.
at present, at the present time or moment; now:
There are no job openings here at present.
16.
for the present, for now; temporarily:
For the present, we must be content with matters as they stand.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; (adj.) Middle English < Old French < Latin praesent- (stem of praesēns) present participle of praeësse to be present, before others, i.e., to preside, be in charge; (noun) Middle English: presence, spatial or temporal present; partly derivative of the adj., partly < Old French. See pre-, is, -ent
Related forms
presentness, noun
Synonyms
1. extant. See current.
Antonyms
1. absent.

present2

[v. pri-zent; n. prez-uh nt] /v. prɪˈzɛnt; n. ˈprɛz ənt/
verb (used with object)
1.
to furnish or endow with a gift or the like, especially by formal act:
to present someone with a gold watch.
2.
to bring, offer, or give, often in a formal or ceremonious way:
to present one's card.
3.
afford or furnish (an opportunity, possibility, etc.).
4.
to hand over or submit, as a bill or a check, for payment:
The waiter presented our bill for lunch.
5.
to introduce (a person) to another, especially in a formal manner:
Mrs. Smith, may I present Mr. Jones?
6.
to bring before or introduce to the public:
to present a new play.
7.
to come to show (oneself) before a person, in or at a place, etc.
8.
to show or exhibit:
This theater will present films on a larger screen.
9.
to bring forth or render for or before another or others; offer for consideration:
to present an alternative plan.
10.
to set forth in words; frame or articulate:
to present arguments.
11.
to represent, impersonate, or act, as on the stage.
12.
to direct, point, or turn (something) to something or someone:
He presented his back to the audience.
13.
to level or aim (a weapon, especially a firearm).
14.
Law.
  1. to bring against, as a formal charge against a person.
  2. to bring formally to the notice of the proper authority, as an offense.
15.
British Ecclesiastical. to offer or recommend (a member of the clergy) to the bishop for institution to a benefice.
verb (used without object)
16.
Medicine/Medical.
  1. (of a fetus) to be visible at the cervix during labor:
    In a normal delivery, the baby’s head presents first.
  2. (of a medical condition) to be evident from the presence of certain symptoms:
    Depression often presents with disturbed sleep or appetite.
  3. (of a patient) to have a certain symptom or medical condition, especially as reported during a medical examination:
    A 22-year-old man presents with shortness of breath.
noun, present
17.
a thing presented as a gift; gift:
Christmas presents.
Origin
1175-1225; (noun) Middle English < Old French, orig. in phrase en present in presence (see present1); (v.) Middle English presenten < Old French presenter < Medieval Latin praesentāre to give, show, present for approval, Latin: to exhibit (to the mind or senses), derivative of praesēns present1
Related forms
self-presented, adjective
unpresented, adjective
Synonyms
1. bestow, donate. See give. 2. proffer. 3. yield. 5. See introduce. 9. introduce. 11. enact. 17. benefaction, grant, tip, gratuity. Present, gift, donation, bonus refer to something freely given. Present and gift are both used of something given as an expression of affection, friendship, interest, or respect. Present is the less formal; gift is generally used of something conferred (especially with ceremony) on an individual, a group, or an institution: a birthday present; a gift to a bride. Donation applies to an important gift, most often of money and usually of considerable size, though the term is often used to avoid the suggestion of charity in speaking of small gifts to or for the needy: a donation to an endowment fund, to the Red Cross. Bonus applies to something, again usually money, given in addition to what is due, especially to employees who have worked for a long time or particularly well: a bonus at the end of the year.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for present
  • Gift guide: the perfect present for prickly friends.
  • In order to demonstrate leadership to the nation, they must present their own bold initiatives and vision for the future.
  • Philosophy triumphs easily over past and over future evils but present evils triumph over philosophy.
  • Preparation means that you are fully organized and ready to present your case before the judge in a short amount of time.
  • I'm a fan of long and developed arguments, but there are simply none to present in this case.
  • Students compare and contrast causes for extinction, past and present.
  • You know whiteflies are present when you touch a plant and a mass of tiny, white, winged insects fly out of it.
  • Our present camps are as healthy as any camps at this end of the island can be.
  • Paying attention in the present will allow you a glimpse into the future.
  • If we could tackle these things when they first present themselves, they wouldn't become problems that last for decades.
British Dictionary definitions for present

present1

/ˈprɛzənt/
adjective
1.
(prenominal) in existence at the moment in time at which an utterance is spoken or written
2.
(postpositive) being in a specified place, thing, etc: the murderer is present in this room
3.
(prenominal) now in consideration or under discussion: the present topic, the present author
4.
(grammar) denoting a tense of verbs used when the action or event described is occurring at the time of utterance or when the speaker does not wish to make any explicit temporal reference
5.
(archaic) readily available; instant: present help is at hand
6.
(archaic) mentally alert; attentive
noun
7.
the present, the time being; now
8.
(grammar)
  1. the present tense
  2. a verb in this tense
9.
at present, at the moment; now
10.
for the present, for the time being; temporarily
See also presents
Word Origin
C13: from Latin praesens, from praeesse to be in front of, from prae- before, in front + esse to be

present2

verb (mainly transitive) (prɪˈzɛnt)
1.
to introduce (a person) to another, esp to someone of higher rank
2.
to introduce to the public: to present a play
3.
to introduce and compere (a radio or television show)
4.
to show; exhibit: he presented a brave face to the world
5.
to put forward; submit: she presented a proposal for a new book
6.
to bring or suggest to the mind: to present a problem
7.
to give or award: to present a prize
8.
to endow with or as if with a gift or award: to present a university with a foundation scholarship
9.
to offer formally: to present one's compliments
10.
to offer or hand over for action or settlement: to present a bill
11.
to represent or depict in a particular manner: the actor presented Hamlet as a very young man
12.
to salute someone with (one's weapon) (usually in the phrase present arms)
13.
to aim or point (a weapon)
14.
to nominate (a clergyman) to a bishop for institution to a benefice in his diocese
15.
to lay (a charge, etc) before a court, magistrate, etc, for consideration or trial
16.
to bring a formal charge or accusation against (a person); indict
17.
(mainly US) (of a grand jury) to take notice of (an offence) from personal knowledge or observation, before any bill of indictment has been drawn up
18.
(intransitive) (med) to seek treatment for a particular symptom or problem: she presented with postnatal depression
19.
(intransitive) (informal) to produce a favourable, etc impression: she presents well in public, he presents as harmless but has poisoned his family
20.
present oneself, to appear, esp at a specific time and place
noun (ˈprɛzənt)
21.
anything that is presented; a gift
22.
make someone a present of something, to give someone something: I'll make you a present of a new car
Word Origin
C13: from Old French presenter, from Latin praesentāre to exhibit, offer, from praesenspresent1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for present
adj.

c.1300, "existing at the time," from Old French present "evident, at hand, within reach;" as a noun, "the present time" (11c., Modern French présent) and directly from Latin praesentem (nominative praesens) "present, at hand, in sight; immediate; prompt, instant; contemporary," from present participle of præesse "be before (someone or something), be at hand," from prae- "before" (see pre-) + esse "to be" (see essence). Meaning "being there" is from mid-14c. in English. As a grammatical tense, recorded from late 14c.

v.

c.1300, "introduce (someone or something) formally or ceremonially;" also "make a formal presentation of; give as a gift or award; bestow," from Old French presenter (11c., Modern French présenter) and directly from Latin praesentare "to place before, show, exhibit," from stem of praesens (see present (adj.)). From late 14c. as "exhibit (something), offer for inspection, display;" also, in law, "make a formal complaint or charge of wrongdoing." From c.1400 as"represent, portray." Related: Presented; presenting.

n.

"this point in time" (opposed to past and future), c.1300, "the present time," also "act or fact of being present; portion of space around someone," from Old French present (n.) from Latin praesens "being there" (see present (adj.)). In old legalese, these presents means "these documents."

c.1200, "thing offered, what is offered or given as a gift," from Old French present and Medieval Latin presentia, from phrases such as French en present "(to offer) in the presence of," mettre en present "place before, give," from Late Latin inpraesent "face to face," from Latin in re praesenti "in the situation in question," from praesens "being there" (see present (adj.)), on the notion of "bringing something into someone's presence."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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present in Medicine

present pre·sent (prĭ-zěnt')
v. pre·sent·ed, pre·sent·ing, pre·sents

  1. To appear or be felt first during birth. Used of the part of the fetus that proceeds first through the birth canal.

  2. To come before a doctor or nurse, as with a medical problem or condition.

  3. To manifest a symptom.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Idioms and Phrases with present
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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