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presidium

[pri-sid-ee-uh m] /prɪˈsɪd i əm/
noun, plural presidiums, presidia
[pri-sid-ee-uh] /prɪˈsɪd i ə/ (Show IPA).
(often initial capital letter)
1.
(in the Soviet Union and other Communist countries) an administrative committee, usually permanent and governmental, acting when its parent body is in recess but exercising full powers:
the presidium of the Supreme Soviet.
Origin
1815-1825
1815-25; < Latin prae-sidium, derivative of praes(es) (stem praesid-) guardian, governor, literally, one sitting before. See preside, -ium
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for presidia

presidium

/prɪˈsɪdɪəm/
noun (pl) -iums, -ia (-ɪə)
1.
(often capital) (in Communist countries) a permanent committee of a larger body, such as a legislature, that acts for it when it is in recess
2.
a collective presidency, esp of a nongovernmental organization
Word Origin
C20: from Russian prezidium, from Latin praesidium, from praesidēre to superintend; see preside
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for presidia

Presidium

n.

permanent administrative committee of the U.S.S.R., 1924, from Russian prezidium, from Latin praesidium "a presiding over, defense," from praesidere (see preside).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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11
12
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