Presidios

presidio

[pri-sid-ee-oh; Spanish pre-see-thyaw]
noun, plural presidios [pri-sid-ee-ohz; Spanish pre-see-thyaws] .
1.
a garrisoned fort; military post.
2.
a Spanish penal settlement.

Origin:
1755–65, Americanism; < Spanish < Latin praesidium guard, garrison, post, literally, defense, protection. See presidium

presidial, presidiary [pri-sid-ee-er-ee] , adjective
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World English Dictionary
presidio (prɪˈsɪdɪˌəʊ, Spanish preˈsiðjo)
 
n , pl -sidios
a military post or establishment, esp in countries under Spanish control
 
[C19: from Spanish: garrison, from Latin praesidium a guard, protection; see preside]

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Word Origin & History

presidio
1808, Amer.Eng., from Sp., "fort, settlement," from L. præsidium, from præsidere "to sit before, protect" (see preside).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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