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sophomore

[sof-uh-mawr, -mohr; sof-mawr, -mohr] /ˈsɒf əˌmɔr, -ˌmoʊr; ˈsɒf mɔr, -moʊr/
noun
1.
a student in the second year of high school or college.
2.
a person or group in the second year of any endeavor:
He's a sophomore on Wall Street.
adjective
3.
of or pertaining to a sophomore.
4.
of or being a second effort or second version:
Their sophomore album was even better than their first.
Origin
1645-1655
1645-55; earlier sophumer, probably equivalent to sophum sophism + -er1
Related forms
presophomore, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for presophomore

sophomore

/ˈsɒfəˌmɔː/
noun
1.
(mainly US & Canadian) a second-year student at a secondary (high) school or college
adjective
2.
(of a book, recording, etc by an artist) second: her sophomore album
Word Origin
C17: perhaps from earlier sophumer, from sophum, variant of sophism + -er1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for presophomore

sophomore

n.

1680s, "student in the second year of university study," literally "arguer," altered from sophumer (1650s, from sophume, archaic variant form of sophism), probably by influence of folk etymology derivation from Greek sophos "wise" + moros "foolish, dull." The original reference might be to the dialectic exercises that formed a large part of education in the middle years. At Oxford and Cambridge, a sophister (from sophist with spurious -er as in philosopher) was a second- or third-year student (what Americans would call a "junior" might be a senior sophister).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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