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subdue

[suh b-doo, -dyoo] /səbˈdu, -ˈdyu/
verb (used with object), subdued, subduing.
1.
to conquer and bring into subjection:
Rome subdued Gaul.
2.
to overpower by superior force; overcome.
3.
to bring under mental or emotional control, as by persuasion or intimidation; render submissive.
4.
to repress (feelings, impulses, etc.).
5.
to bring (land) under cultivation:
to subdue the wilderness.
6.
to reduce the intensity, force, or vividness of (sound, light, color, etc.); tone down; soften.
7.
to allay (inflammation, infection, etc.).
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English so(b)duen, so(b)dewen < Anglo-French *soduer to overcome, Old French soduire to deceive, seduce < Latin subdūcere to withdraw (see subduct); meaning in E (and Anglo-French) < Latin subdere to place beneath, subdue
Related forms
subduable, adjective
subduableness, noun
subduably, adverb
subduer, noun
subduingly, adverb
presubdue, verb (used with object), presubdued, presubduing.
unsubduable, adjective
Synonyms
1. subjugate, vanquish. See defeat. 3. tame, break, discipline. 3, 4. suppress.
Antonyms
4. awaken, arouse. 6. intensify.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for presubdue

subdue

/səbˈdjuː/
verb (transitive) -dues, -duing, -dued
1.
to establish ascendancy over by force
2.
to overcome and bring under control, as by intimidation or persuasion
3.
to hold in check or repress (feelings, emotions, etc)
4.
to render less intense or less conspicuous
Derived Forms
subduable, adjective
subduably, adverb
subdual, noun
Word Origin
C14 sobdue, from Old French soduire to mislead, from Latin subdūcere to remove; English sense influenced by Latin subdere to subject
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for presubdue

subdue

v.

late 14c., "to conquer," from Old French souduire "deceive, seduce," from Latin subducere "draw, lead away, withdraw" (see subduce). The sense seems to have been taken in Anglo-French from Latin subdere. Subduct in the sense of "subtract" is from 1570s. Related: Subdued; subduing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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