preterit

[pret-er-it]
Also, preterite.


Origin:
1300–50; Middle English < Latin praeteritus past, past participle of praeterīre to go by, equivalent to praeter- preter- + -i-, base of īre to go + -tus past participle suffix; as tense name < Latin (tempus) praeteritum

preteritness, noun
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World English Dictionary
preterite or (US) grammar preterit (ˈprɛtərɪt)
 
n
1.  a tense of verbs used to relate past action, formed in English by inflection of the verb, as jumped, swam
2.  a verb in this tense
 
adj
3.  denoting this tense
 
[C14: from Late Latin praeteritum (tempus) past (time, tense), from Latin praeterīre to go by, from preter- + īre to go]
 
preterit or (US) grammar preterit
 
n
 
adj
 
[C14: from Late Latin praeteritum (tempus) past (time, tense), from Latin praeterīre to go by, from preter- + īre to go]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

preterite
1340, from O.Fr. preterit (13c.), from L. præteritum (as in tempus præteritum "time past"), pp. of præterire "to go by, go past," from præter "beyond, before, above, more than" (comp. of præ "before") + itum, pp. of ire "to go."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The distinctions between preterite and imperfect forms also uses a mnemonic acronym.
Verb tenses in the packet are restricted to the present and the preterite.
Present and preterite subjunctive tenses, for hypothetical or uncertain conditions.
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