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preterit

[pret-er-it] /ˈprɛt ər ɪt/
noun, Grammar
1.
past (def 12).
2.
a preterit tense.
3.
a verb form in this tense.
adjective
4.
Grammar. noting a past action or state.
5.
Archaic. bygone; past.
Also, preterite.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English < Latin praeteritus past, past participle of praeterīre to go by, equivalent to praeter- preter- + -i-, base of īre to go + -tus past participle suffix; as tense name < Latin (tempus) praeteritum
Related forms
preteritness, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for preterite
  • The distinctions between preterite and imperfect forms also uses a mnemonic acronym.
  • Verb tenses in the packet are restricted to the present and the preterite.
  • Present and preterite subjunctive tenses, for hypothetical or uncertain conditions.
British Dictionary definitions for preterite

preterite

/ˈprɛtərɪt/
noun
1.
a tense of verbs used to relate past action, formed in English by inflection of the verb, as jumped, swam
2.
a verb in this tense
adjective
3.
denoting this tense
Word Origin
C14: from Late Latin praeteritum (tempus) past (time, tense), from Latin praeterīre to go by, from preter- + īre to go
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for preterite
adj.

mid-14c., "having to do with the past," from Old French preterit "past tense" (13c.) and directly from Latin praeteritum (as in tempus praeteritum "time past"), past participle of praeterire "to go by, go past," from praeter "beyond, before, above, more than" (see prae-) + itum, past participle of ire "to go" (see ion). Grammar sense is late 14c. The word also was a noun in Middle English meaning "past times" (late 14c.). Related: Preteritive. Preterite-present attested from 1813.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Word Value for preterite

0
12
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