1800, lit. "resembling typhus," from typhus
+ suffix from Gk. -oeides
"like," from eidos
"form, shape" (see -oid
). The noun is from 1861, a shortened form of typhoid fever
(1845), so called because it was originally thought to be a variety of typhus. Typhoid Mary
(1909) was Mary Mallon (d.1938), a typhoid carrier who worked as a cook and became notorious after it was learned she had unwittingly infected hundreds in U.S.