A lot vs. Alot: 9 Grammatical Pitfalls
1630s, from Latin praevent-, past participle stem of praevenire (see prevent), + -ive. As a noun, from 1630s; in medical use from 1670s.
preventive pre·ven·tive (prĭ-věn'tĭv) or pre·ven·ta·tive (-tə-tĭv)adj. Preventing or slowing the course of an illness or a disease; prophylactic. n. A preventive agent or treatment.