the condition or office of a priest.
priests collectively.

before 900; Middle English presthed(e), presthod(e), Old English prēosthād. See priest, -hood

antipriesthood, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
priesthood (ˈpriːstˌhʊd)
1.  the state, order, or office of a priest
2.  priests collectively

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. preosthad; see priest + -hood. Priestcraft originally was "the business of being a priest" (late 15c.); after rise of Protestantism and the Enlightenment, it acquired a pejorative sense of "arts of ambitious priests for temporal power and social control" (1680s).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
These were, after all, the basis of the electrode caps worn by the cult
In fact, those privileged few drinking a cup of the dark elixir were likely
  members of the high priesthood or royalty.
The patent bar is a priesthood with its own secret dialect, intelligible only
  to initiates.
To sample the cuisine of the priesthood, this famous restaurant is it.
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