noun, plural principalities.
a state ruled by a prince, usually a relatively small state or a state that falls within a larger state such as an empire.
the position or authority of a prince or chief ruler; sovereignty; supreme power.
the rule of a prince of a small or subordinate state.
the Principality, British, Wales.
principalities, Theology.
an order of angels. Compare angel ( def 1 ).
supramundane powers often in conflict with God. Ephes. 6:12.
Obsolete, preeminence.

1300–50; Middle English principalite < Old French < Late Latin prīncipālitās first place, superiority (Medieval Latin: authority or territory of a prince). See principal, -ity Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
principality (ˌprɪnsɪˈpælɪtɪ)
n , pl -ties
1.  a.  a territory ruled by a prince
 b.  a territory from which a prince draws his title
2.  the dignity or authority of a prince
[C14 (in the sense: pre-eminence): via Old French from Latin principālisprincipal]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, "position of a prince," from O.Fr. principalite (Fr. principauté), from L.L. principalitatem (nom. principalitas), from principalis (see principal). Meaning "region or state ruled by a prince" is attested from c.1400.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
He offers hands-on instruction for achieving stability and a well-run principality.
This gave the small principality its territory and political form.
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