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prior1

[prahy-er] /ˈpraɪ ər/
adjective
1.
preceding in time or in order; earlier or former; previous:
A prior agreement prevents me from accepting this.
2.
preceding in importance or privilege.
noun
3.
Informal. a prior conviction.
Idioms
4.
prior to, preceding; before:
Prior to that time, buffalo had roamed the Great Plains in tremendous numbers.
Origin
1705-1715
1705-15; < Latin: former, elder, superior (adj.), before (adv.); akin to prime, pre-
Related forms
priorly, adverb
Synonyms
1. anterior, antecedent.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for prior to
  • We used redwood for the frames, which was protected with a water-based sealer prior to attaching the panels.
  • To ensure full consideration, application materials should be submitted prior to this date.
  • Finalists for the position will be notified prior to completion of background and reference checks.
  • Each author must disclose if another party had the right to review the paper prior to its circulation.
  • Original transcripts will be required prior to hire.
  • Tickets can be purchased at the box office prior to the show or online.
  • One of the reasons this system works is the ability to effectively mix the three components prior to injection into the mine.
  • Two films made prior to that decision incorporated large portions of the speech.
  • prior to his election to the bench he had a successful career in the electronics industry and was a longtime civic leader.
  • More precautions should have been taken prior to the mission.
British Dictionary definitions for prior to

prior1

/ˈpraɪə/
adjective
1.
(prenominal) previous; preceding
2.
prior to, before; until
noun
3.
(statistics) a prior probability
Word Origin
C18: from Latin: previous

prior2

/ˈpraɪə/
noun
1.
the superior of a house and community in certain religious orders
2.
the deputy head of a monastery or abbey, ranking immediately below the abbot
3.
(formerly) a chief magistrate in medieval Florence and other Italian republics
Word Origin
C11: from Late Latin: head, from Latin (adj): previous, from Old Latin pri before

Prior

/ˈpraɪə/
noun
1.
Matthew. 1664–1721, English poet and diplomat, noted for his epigrammatic occasional verse
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for prior to

prior

adj.

"earlier," 1714, from Latin prior "former, previous, first;" figuratively "superior, better;" as a noun "forefather; superior rank;" comparative of Old Latin pri "before," from PIE *prai-, *prei-, from root *per- (1) "forward, through" (see per).

n.

"superior officer of a religious house or order," late Old English, from Medieval Latin prior "superior officer," noun use of Latin adjective meaning "former, superior" (see prior (adj.)). As short for prior arrest, by 1990, American English.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for prior to

prior

noun

An earlier conviction; previous: ''Any priors onhim?'' ''Dinged once, in Rapid City'' (1978+)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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