prior-ship

prior

2 [prahy-er]
noun
1.
an officer in a monastic order or religious house, sometimes next in rank below an abbot.
2.
a chief magistrate, as in the medieval republic of Florence.

Origin:
before 1100; Middle English, late Old English < Medieval Latin, Late Latin: one superior in rank; noun use of prior prior1

priorship, noun
subpriorship, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To prior-ship
Collins
World English Dictionary
prior1 (ˈpraɪə)
 
adj
1.  (prenominal) previous; preceding
2.  prior to before; until
 
n
3.  statistics a prior probability
 
[C18: from Latin: previous]

prior2 (ˈpraɪə)
 
n
1.  the superior of a house and community in certain religious orders
2.  the deputy head of a monastery or abbey, ranking immediately below the abbot
3.  (formerly) a chief magistrate in medieval Florence and other Italian republics
 
[C11: from Late Latin: head, from Latin (adj): previous, from Old Latin pri before]

Prior (ˈpraɪə)
 
n
Matthew. 1664--1721, English poet and diplomat, noted for his epigrammatic occasional verse

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

prior
1714, from L. prior "former, superior," comparative of Old L. pri "before" (see prime), related to L. præ "before" (see pre-).

prior
"superior officer of a religious house or order," 1093, from L. prior "former, superior" (see prior (adj.)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature